For a history of the Medal of Honor click here.
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Dedicated in 1994, "the Medal of Honor Memorial commemorates not just one person or one war, but several hundred individuals who acted heroically in many wars, campaigns, and conflicts. Thirteen radiating arcs, representing the conflicts in which Pennsylvanians received the Medal of Honor, symbolize the tides of war.
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Pennsylvania's Antietam Medals of Honor
Hillary Beyer, 2nd Lieutenant, 90th Pennsylvania, Co. H [Christian's Brigade, Rickett's Division, Hooker's Corps]
Entered Service at: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Citation: After his command had been forced to fall back [from the Cornfield, through the East Woods], remained alone on the line of battle, caring for his wounded comrades and carrying one of them to a place of safety.
Ignatz Gresser, Corporal, 128th Pennsylvania, Co. D [Crawford's Brigade, Williams' Division, Mansfield's Corps]
Entered Service at: Lehigh County, Pennsylvania
Citation: While exposed to the fire of the enemy, carried from the field a wounded comrade.
Samuel Johnson, Private, 9th Pennsylvania Reserves (38th PA), Co. G [Anderson's Brigade, Meade's Division, Hooker's Corps]
Entered Service at: Connellsville, Pennsylvania
Citation: Individual bravery and daring in capturing from the enemy 2 colors [flags] of the 1st Texas Rangers (C.S.A.), receiving in the act a severe wound.
Charles B. Tanner, Second Lieutenant, 1st Delaware, Co. H [Weber's Brigade, French's Division, Sumner's Corps]
Birth place: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Citation: Carried off the regimental colors, which had fallen within 20 yards of the enemy's lines, the color guard of 9 men having all been killed or wounded; was himself 3 times wounded.
Tanner's own account of the dangerous situation that day:
While covering that short distance, it seemed as if a million bees were singing in the air. The shouts and yells from either side sounded like menaces and threats. But I had reached the goal, had caught up the staff which was already splintered by shot, and the colors pierced with many a hole, and stained here and there with the lifeblood of our comrades when a bullet shattered by arm. Luckily my legs were still serviceable, and, seizing the precious bunting with my left hand, I made the best eighty yard time on record, receiving two more wounds
Tanner would later serve in the 69th Pennsylvania. For more on Tanner, click here
"Antietam on the Web", accessed 14 September 2011, available from http://antietam.aotw.org/index.php; Internet.
"Charles B. Tanner: One of Delaware's Medal of Honor Winners", accessed 14 September 2011, available from http://portal.delaware.gov/facts/history/tanner.htm; Internet.
"Civil War Medal of Honor Recipients (M-Z)", accessed 13 September 2011, available from http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/civwarmz.html; Internet.
Doughty, Heather, and Mary Margaret Geis, Medal of Honor Recipients, Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Commemorative Edition, 10 November 1994. Harrisburg, PA: Office of the Cultural Advisor, 1994.